國際特赦組織(Amnesty International,下稱AI)本月6日表示,尼泊爾未能有效立法,以保護移工不因被(仲介)收取高額費用而深陷債務困境,甚至在海外工作無法返家。

尼泊爾每年約有40萬人赴海外工作,其中又以波斯灣國家及馬來西亞為主,其外匯挹注約占GDP產值的三分一。

尼國政府於2015年禁止仲介向求職者收取機票及工作簽證的費用,改由雇主負擔,並要求仲介費用最高僅能收取一千萬尼泊爾盧比(約96元美金)。


但AI的最新報告「人為利潤」提到,該組織尚未訪問到一名不須負擔上述費用的勞工。AI全球問題專案副主管詹姆斯·林區(James Lynch)表示,很明顯的,(尼國政府)根本未有力執行或未落實「免簽證、免機票」政策。

林區亦指(尼國政府)缺乏政治意志加上官僚惰性,意味著產業仍可恣意剝削移工。

AI
訪視127名被迫付仲介約1,346美金的移工,其中多位表示仲介所指的工作內容與實際狀況有所出入。

一名名為亞達的尼國移工表示,他因拒絕執行合約上未涵蓋的工作內容,而遭馬來西亞雇主關在房間內15日。「他說除非我照他說的做,否則他不會歸還我的護照或給我食物吃」,「他還說要把我送去坐牢」,亞達說。

在尼國政府的協助下,亞達終於在九個月後得以返國,但仍未償清因 出國工作而積欠的1,552元債務。另一移工瑟瑞對AI表示,仲介只在意買賣人力,「我們的政府並未禁止人民如牲畜般的被販售,尼國移工因此受虐」。

AI
指出,去年尼國針對仲介的訴訟案逾兩千件,但僅有四件的被告遭起訴。林區呼籲尼國政府強化阻止仲介自移工身上壓榨金錢的力度。

 

Nepal is failing to protect migrant workers: Amnesty International

AFP | Updated: Jun 6, 2017, 05.26 PM IST

KATMANDU:

Nepal is failing to enforce laws designed to protect migrant workers from being charged exorbitant fees that leave them crippled by debt and trapped in jobs overseas, Amnesty International said on Tuesday.

More than 400,000 migrants workers leave Nepal every year for work abroad, mostly in the Gulf and Malaysia. Their remittances back home make up nearly 30 per cent of the impoverished country's GDP.

The government in 2015 banned employment agencies from charging job seekers the cost of the plane ticket and work visa, shifting the burden to the employer, and capped agent fees at 10,000 Nepali rupees ($96).

But in its new report "Turning People into Profits", Amnesty said it failed to find a single worker who had not been forced to cover these costs.
"It is abundantly clear that the "Free Visa, Free Ticket" policy is not being implemented or enforced properly," said James Lynch, Deputy Director of Amnesty International's Global Issues programme.

"Despite some bright ideas, a lack of political will combined with bureaucratic inertia means that businesses are still effectively free to exploit migrants."

Amnesty interviewed 127 migrant workers who said they were forced to pay an average $1,346 to agents for jobs abroad. Many said they were often deceived about the nature of the work they were being offered.


Ram Sundar Yadav said his employer in Malaysia locked him in a room for 15 days when he refused to perform duties outside his contract.

"He said that unless I did as he asked he would not return my passport or give me food. He said he would jail me," Yadav said.

The 27-year-old managed to return home after nine months with the help of the Nepali government, but could not repay the $1,552 loan he took to travel abroad.
"The attitude of recruiters is about buying and selling people. And our people end up being abused, because the government does not prevent them from being traded like cattle," said Suresh, another worker interviewed for the report.

Amnesty said more than 2,000 cases were filed by migrant workers against recruitment agencies in Nepal last year, but only four have so far been refered for prosecution.

The Nepali government needed to better enforce measures to stop recruitment agencies from "making quick money off the back of poor people's futures", Lynch said.

原文網址:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/south-asia/nepal-is-failing-to-protect-migrant-workers-amnesty/articleshow/59018660.cms

 

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